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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *ḱlew- +‎ *-os.


*ḱléwos n[1]

  1. fame


Athematic, acrostatic
nominative *ḱléwos
genitive *ḱléwesos
singular dual plural
nominative *ḱléwos *ḱléwesih₁ *ḱléwōs
vocative *ḱléwos *ḱléwesih₁ *ḱléwōs
accusative *ḱléwos *ḱléwesih₁ *ḱléwōs
genitive *ḱléwesos *? *ḱléwesoHom
ablative *ḱléwesos *? *ḱléwesmos
dative *ḱléwesey *? *ḱléwesmos
locative *ḱléwes, *ḱléwesi *? *ḱléwesu
instrumental *ḱléwesh₁ *? *ḱléwesbʰi


  • Proto-Albanian: *klāusnja (denominative)[2]
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *ślawas (*ew > *ow / _V)[3][4]
    • Latvian: slava (rumor, reputation, fame), slave
    • Lithuanian: šlãvė (honor, respect, fame)
    • Proto-Slavic: *slȍvo (word) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *klowos[5] (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *kléwos[6] (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *ćráwas (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: [Term?] (< *h₁némn̥-ḱléw-o-s (fame of name))


  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “quaj ~ quej”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 363
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 452
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 454
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 210–211
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “κλέος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 712-713