Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰardʰeh₂

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly Northern Indo-European substratum word or a late PIE regionalism with otherwise atypical/non-existent phoneme */a/.

Noun[edit]

*bʰardʰeh₂ f

  1. beard

Inflection[edit]

Thematic in *-eh₂
singular
nominative *bʰardʰeh₂
genitive *bʰardʰeh₂s
singular dual plural
nominative *bʰardʰeh₂ *bʰardʰeh₂h₁(e) *bʰardʰeh₂es
vocative *bʰardʰeh₂ *bʰardʰeh₂h₁(e) *bʰardʰeh₂es
accusative *bʰardʰām *bʰardʰeh₂h₁(e) *bʰardʰeh₂n̥s
genitive *bʰardʰeh₂s *? *bʰardʰeh₂oHom
ablative *bʰardʰeh₂s *? *bʰardʰeh₂mos
dative *bʰardʰeh₂ey *? *bʰardʰeh₂mos
locative *bʰardʰeh₂, *bʰardʰeh₂i *? *bʰardʰeh₂su
instrumental *bʰardʰeh₂h₁ *? *bʰardʰeh₂bʰi

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Balto-Slavic: *bardā
    • Slavic: *borda (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *bardaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *farβā
    • Latin: barba < initial b- assimilated to -rb- from earlier *farba (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian:

References[edit]