Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁lengʷʰ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₁lengʷʰ-

  1. light (not heavy)

Derived terms[edit]


  • *h₁ln̥gʷʰ-ró-s
  • *h₁lengʷʰ-to-s
    • Germanic: *linhtaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₁léngʰ-u-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: lehtë (< *lexta < *h₁legʷʰ-to)
    • Armenian: *h₁ln̥gʷʰ-ieh₂-
      • Old Armenian: լանջք ‎(lanǰkʿ, breast)
    • Celtic: *lagu < *legʰu (nom.), *lagʰwo (oblique) < *h₁legʰ-u̯-
      • Old Irish: laigiu ‎(smaller) (< *lagijōs, comparative)
      • Welsh: llaw ‎(small, low, sad) (< *lagu̯os)
      • Breton: law ‎(miserable, bad)
    • Illyrian: lembus "light vehicle" < h₁lengʷh-os
    • Tocharian: *h₁ln̥gʷʰ-ti̯o

References[edit]

  • Altiranisches Wörterbuch
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press