Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/kʷékʷlos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*kʷel-

Reduplicated derivative of *kʷel- ‎(to turn).[1]

Noun[edit]

*kʷékʷlos m ‎(non-ablauting)

  1. wheel
  2. circle

Comment[edit]

The proto-Indo-European word was quite likely borrowed into Sumerian 𒄑𒇀 ‎(ĜIŠGIGIR, chariot), Semitic *galgal-, and Kartvelian *grgar.[1] The similarly shaped Chinese word 軲轆 ‎(*guk luk)[2] is only attested in the last few centuries and may be the result of convergent onomatopoeic derivation. Instead, the Chinese word ‎(*kla, chariot” > “car) may be a borrowing from a descendant form of this root from the spread of the chariot. See Chariot (China).

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular collective
nominative *kʷékʷlos *kʷekʷléh₂
genitive *kʷékʷlosyo *kʷekʷlósyo
singular dual plural collective
nominative *kʷékʷlos *kʷékʷloh₁ *kʷékʷloes *kʷekʷléh₂
vocative *kʷékʷle *kʷékʷloh₁ *kʷékʷloes *kʷekʷléh₂
accusative *kʷékʷlom *kʷékʷloh₁ *kʷékʷlons *kʷekʷléh₂
genitive *kʷékʷlosyo *? *kʷékʷlooHom *kʷekʷlósyo
ablative *kʷékʷlead *? *kʷékʷlomos *kʷekʷléad
dative *kʷékʷloey *? *kʷékʷlomos *kʷekʷlóey
locative *kʷékʷley, *kʷékʷloy *? *kʷékʷloysu *kʷekʷléy, *kʷekʷlóy
instrumental *kʷékʷloh₁ *? *kʷékʷlōys *kʷekʷlóh₁

Descendants[edit]

References:[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mallory, J. P., “In Search of the Indo-Europeans”, 1989, ISBN 050005052X , p. 163
  2. ^ John Farndon, The World's Greatest Idea, ISBN 1848311966, p. 95