Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/písdeh₂

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

As suggested by Hamp 1968: from *h₁epi(upon, by) + *sed-(to sit), i.e. originally an euphemism meaning "what one sits on". Compare *nisdós(nest) < *ni(down) + *sed-(to sit).

Archaic formation, but with geographically limited distribution, only to central and eastern Indo-European dialects.

Reconstruction[edit]

If the analysis as a compound is correct, the word would start with otherwise unreconstructable initial laryngeal *h₁.

Diphthong in Old Prussian peisda(ass) would require PIE *(h₁)peysdeh₂, and other Baltic cognates are then according to Hamp later borrowings from Slavic. That explanation is favored by Kortlandt and Dybo according to whom the operation of Winter's law was blocked in clusters containing *-st-/*-sd-.

Noun[edit]

*písdeh₂ f

  1. vulva

Inflection[edit]

Thematic in *-eh₂
singular
nominative *písdeh₂
genitive *písdeh₂s
singular dual plural
nominative *písdeh₂ *písdeh₂h₁(e) *písdeh₂es
vocative *písdeh₂ *písdeh₂h₁(e) *písdeh₂es
accusative *písdām *písdeh₂h₁(e) *písdeh₂n̥s
genitive *písdeh₂s *? *písdeh₂oHom
ablative *písdeh₂s *? *písdeh₂mos
dative *písdeh₂ey *? *písdeh₂mos
locative *písdeh₂, *písdeh₂i *? *písdeh₂su
instrumental *písdeh₂h₁ *? *písdeh₂bʰi

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: pidh
  • Balto-Slavic: *pīˀsdāˀ (long vowel by Winter's law) or *peisdā
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Nuristani: pəṛī [Arabic needed] (< *pizdikā)

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]