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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *tsik (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *tsik (Matisoff, STEDT; Benedict, 1972; Coblin, 1986; Chou, 1972)



  1. joint, section


  • Old Chinese: (*tsˁik ("B-S"), *ʔsiːg (ZS), joint, knot, mode, section; period, festival)
    • Middle Chinese: /tset/

         Japanese:   (せつ, ​setsu)
            Korean:   (, jeol)
            Vietnamese:  tiết

         Vietnamese:  tết (festival), Tết (Vietnamese New Year)

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (jié, /t͡ɕi̯ɛ³⁵/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: ཚིགས (tshigs, joint, junction, link; verse line)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      *ʔdzik ⪤ *ʔdzak (joint) (Matisoff, 1972); *ʔ-dzikᴸ (Matisoff, 2003)
      • Burmish
        • Burmese: ဆစ် (hcac, to chop, to cut off; joint) (> အဆစ် (a.hcac, joint, node))
      • Loloish
        *C-dzikᴸ (Bradley, 1979)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (zyt, joint, section; to fasten or join pieces together)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓝꓲꓸ (tsɨ́, joint, joist, house stud; time, season)

See also[edit]