Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/borzda

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Lithuanian bir̃žė ‎(furrow), biržis and Latvian bìrze ‎(furrow).

Probably from the same root as *bьrdo ‎(weaving comb, reed) and the verb *boriti sę ‎(to fight), i.e. the verbal root denoting an action with a sharp instrument or weapon. The same Proto-Indo-European root *bʰerh₃- is found in Ancient Greek φάρω ‎(phárō), φάρος ‎(pháros) and Latin forō ‎(to bore, pierce).

Noun[edit]

borzda̍ f

  1. furrow

Inflection[edit]

Accent paradigm b.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 59
  • biržė in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1975), “*borzda”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 02, Moscow: Nauka, page 220
  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “борозда”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Skok, Petar (1971) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, page 203f
  • Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1974) Słownik prasłowiański (in Polish), volume I, Wrocław: Polska Akademia Nauk, page 333f