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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *bʰerh₃- (to hit with a sharp instrument), whence also *boriti sę (to fight), and probably *borzda (furrow).

Cognate with Latvian birds (loom).

Usually compared with Germanic *burdą (board, plank; table), as if both from Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥h₃dʰo-.


*bьrdo n

  1. weaving comb, reed
  2. (by extension, South Slavic) hill, mountain


Derived terms[edit]


From Early Proto-Slavic *birda:


  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija (editors). 1992–2000. Suomen sanojen alkuperä ('The Origin of Finnish Words'). Helsinki: Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskus/Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura. →ISBN.
  • Skok, Petar (1971) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, page 204
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1976), “*bьrdo”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 164
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “бердо”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress