Homo troglodytes

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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

New Latin, from Latin homo (human, human being) + troglodytes (cave-dweller). The original name was coined by Linnaeus in 1758, and was revived as a reassignment of Pan troglodytes into the genus Homo based on the idea that chimpanzees share essentially human qualities.

Proper noun[edit]

Homo troglodytes m

  1. (obsolete) A species of supposed troglodytic men, now thought to be legendary, sometimes identified with the orangutan.
    • (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) 1827, Wilhelm Hauff, Märchen-Almanach. Novellen: Othello, Die Sängerin. Die letzten Ritter von Marienburg
      Das ist ja ein Affe, der Homo Troglodytes Linnaei; ich gebe sogleich sechs Taler für ihn, wenn Sie mir ihn ablaffen, und balge ihn aus für mein Kabinett.
    • 1995, Anderson, Karen L, Sociology : a Critical Introduction, Nelson Canada →ISBN
      Homo troglodytes was reputed to live in forests, to be nocturnal, and to communicate only in hisses
  2. (neologism) An alternative name for Pan troglodytes, the chimpanzee.
    • 2013, Jim E Murphy, Confessions of a ChimpManZee, Portraits of Earth Press
      There were now three known species of humans on the planet: Homo sapiens, Homo troglodytes, and Homo paniscus.
    • 2014, Russell H. Tuttle, Apes and Human Evolution, Harvard University Press →ISBN, page 27
      Their scheme mirrors that of Diamond, who proposed that, as a third chimpanzee, Homo sapiens is congeneric with Homo troglodytes and Homo paniscus.