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Alternative forms[edit]


From Persian لنکران (Lankarān), from Median *Lan(a)karan- (the land of the Lan). The Lan is probably a name of a Caspian tribe. See also Փայտակարան (Pʿaytakaran).

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A city (and district) in Azerbaijan.
    • 1863, Edward Cust, Annals of the Wars of the Nineteenth Century, volume III:
      In Persia, the Russians continued their operations with so much success that they gained a large portion of the shores of the Caspian Sea, and united them to the Czar's dominion, as far as Lankaran.
    • 1990, Peter Hopkirk, The Great Game, Folio Society 2010, p. 99:
      The triumphant Persians also managed to recover the great fortress of Lenkoran, on the Caspian shore.



  • Perixanjan, Anait Georgijevna (1982), “Etimologičeskije zametki. I [Etymological Notes. I]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal][1] (in Russian), issue I, Yerevan: Academy Press, ISSN 0135-0536, pages 55–56