Module:hi-translit

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This module will transliterate Hindi language text per WT:HI TR. It is also used to transliterate Awadhi (awa), Bagheli (bfy), Haryanvi (bgc), Braj (bra), and Garhwali (gbm).

The module should preferably not be called directly from templates or other modules. To use it from a template, use {{xlit}}. Within a module, use Module:languages#Language:transliterate.

For testcases, see Module:hi-translit/testcases.

Functions[edit]

tr(text, lang, sc)
Transliterates a given piece of text written in the script specified by the code sc, and language specified by the code lang. When the transliteration fails, returns nil.

-- Transliteration for Hindi (possibly other languages using Devanagari script, except for Sanskrit)

local export = {}
local gsub = mw.ustring.gsub
local match = mw.ustring.match

local conv = {
	-- consonants
	['क'] = 'k', ['ख'] = 'kh', ['ग'] = 'g', ['घ'] = 'gh', ['ङ'] = 'ṅ', 
	['च'] = 'c', ['छ'] = 'ch', ['ज'] = 'j', ['झ'] = 'jh', ['ञ'] = 'ñ', 
	['ट'] = 'ṭ', ['ठ'] = 'ṭh', ['ड'] = 'ḍ', ['ढ'] = 'ḍh', ['ण'] = 'ṇ',
	['त'] = 't', ['थ'] = 'th', ['द'] = 'd', ['ध'] = 'dh', ['न'] = 'n',
	['प'] = 'p', ['फ'] = 'ph', ['ब'] = 'b', ['भ'] = 'bh', ['म'] = 'm', 
	['य'] = 'y', ['र'] = 'r', ['ल'] = 'l', ['व'] = 'v', ['ळ'] = 'ḷ',
	['श'] = 'ś', ['ष'] = 'ṣ', ['स'] = 's', ['ह'] = 'h',
	['क़'] = 'q', ['ख़'] = 'x', ['ग़'] = 'ġ', ['ऴ'] = 'ḻ',
	['ज़'] = 'z', ['ष़'] = 'ḻ', ['झ़'] = 'ž', ['ड़'] = 'ṛ', ['ढ़'] = 'ṛh',
	['फ़'] = 'f', ['थ़'] = 'θ', ['ऩ'] = 'ṉ', ['ऱ'] = 'ṟ',
	-- ['ज्ञ'] = 'gy',

	-- vowel diacritics
	['ि'] = 'i', ['ु'] = 'u', ['े'] = 'e', ['ो'] = 'o', 
	['ा'] = 'ā', ['ी'] = 'ī', ['ू'] = 'ū', 
	['ृ'] = 'ŕ',
	['ै'] = 'ai', ['ौ'] = 'au',
	['ॉ'] = 'ŏ',
	['ॅ'] = 'ĕ',

	-- vowel signs
	['अ'] = 'a', ['इ'] = 'i', ['उ'] = 'u', ['ए'] = 'e', ['ओ'] = 'o',
	['आ'] = 'ā', ['ई'] = 'ī', ['ऊ'] = 'ū', 
	['ऋ'] = 'ŕ', 
	['ऐ'] = 'ai', ['औ'] = 'au', 
	['ऑ'] = 'ŏ',
	['ऍ'] = 'ĕ',
	
	['ॐ'] = 'om',
	
	-- chandrabindu
	['ँ'] = '̃',
	
	-- anusvara
	['ं'] = 'ṁ',
	
	-- visarga
	['ः'] = 'ḥ',
	
	-- virama
	['्'] = '',
	
	-- numerals
	['०'] = '0', ['१'] = '1', ['२'] = '2', ['३'] = '3', ['४'] = '4',
	['५'] = '5', ['६'] = '6', ['७'] = '7', ['८'] = '8', ['९'] = '9',
	
	-- punctuation
	['।'] = '.', -- danda
	['॥'] = '.', -- double danda
	['+'] = '', -- compound separator
	
	-- abbreviation sign
	['॰'] = '.',
}

local nasal_assim = {
	['क'] = 'ङ', ['ख'] = 'ङ', ['ग'] = 'ङ', ['घ'] = 'ङ', 
	['च'] = 'ञ', ['छ'] = 'ञ', ['ज'] = 'ञ', ['झ'] = 'ञ',  
	['ट'] = 'ण', ['ठ'] = 'ण', ['ड'] = 'ण', ['ढ'] = 'ण',
	['प'] = 'म', ['फ'] = 'म', ['ब'] = 'म', ['भ'] = 'म', ['म'] = 'म',
	['व'] = 'ँ', ['य'] = 'ँ',
}

local perm_cl = {
	['म्ल'] = true, ['व्ल'] = true, ['न्ल'] = true,
	
}

local all_cons, special_cons = 'कखगघङचछजझञटठडढतथदधपफबभशषसयरलवहणनम', 'यरलवहनम'
local vowel, vowel_sign = 'aिुृेोाीूैौॉॅ', 'अइउएओआईऊऋऐऔऑऍ'
local syncope_pattern = '([' .. vowel .. vowel_sign .. '])(़?[' .. all_cons .. '])a(़?[' .. gsub(all_cons, "य", "") .. '])([ंँ]?[' .. vowel .. vowel_sign .. '])'

local function rev_string(text)
	local result, length = {}, mw.ustring.len(text)
	for i = length, 1, -1 do
		table.insert(result, mw.ustring.sub(text, i, i))
	end
	return table.concat(result)
end

function export.tr(text, lang, sc)
	text = gsub(text, '([' .. all_cons .. ']़?)([' .. vowel .. '्]?)', function(c, d)
		return c .. (d == "" and 'a' or d) end)
	for word in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "[ऀ-ॿa]+") do
		local orig_word = word
		word = rev_string(word)
		word = gsub(word, '^a(़?)([' .. all_cons .. '])(.)(.?)', function(opt, first, second, third)
			return (((match(first, '[' .. special_cons .. ']') and match(second, '्') and not perm_cl[first..second..third])
				or match(first .. second, 'य[ीेै]'))
				and 'a' or "") .. opt .. first .. second .. third end)
		while match(word, syncope_pattern) do
			word = gsub(word, syncope_pattern, '%1%2%3%4')
		end
		word = gsub(word, '(.?)ं(.)', function(succ, prev)
			return succ .. (succ..prev == "a" and "्म" or 
				(succ == "" and match(prev, '[' .. vowel .. ']') and "̃" or nasal_assim[succ] or "n")) .. prev end)
		text = gsub(text, orig_word, rev_string(word))
	end
	text = gsub(text, '.़?', conv)
	text = gsub(text, 'a([iu])̃', 'a͠%1')
    text = gsub(text, 'jñ', 'gy')
    text = gsub(text, 'ñz', 'nz')
	return mw.ustring.toNFC(text)
end

return export