Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/brigā

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frrom Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥ǵʰeh₂, zero-grade form of *bʰerǵʰ- (high). Cognate with Proto-Italic *forktis (strong, robust)[1] (compare Latin fortis), Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰrȷ́ʰánts (high, tall, mighty), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high, great). Related to Proto-Celtic *brixs (hill).

Noun[edit]

*brigā f

  1. might, power

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *brigā *brigai *brigās
vocative *brigā *brigai *brigās
accusative *brigam *brigai *brigāms
genitive *brigās *brigous *brigom
dative *brigai *brigābom *brigābos
instrumental *? *brigābim *brigābis

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *briɣ
    • Middle Breton: bry
    • Cornish: bry
    • Middle Welsh: bri
  • Old Irish: bríg
  • Gaulish: *brigos[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 236
  2. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “brigo-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 88