Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/brixs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥ǵʰs, from *bʰerǵʰ- (high). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *burgz.

Noun[edit]

*brixs f

  1. hill

Declension[edit]

Masculine/feminine consonant stem
singular dual plural
nominative *brixs *brige *briges
vocative *brixs *brige *briges
accusative *brigam *brige *brigams
genitive *brigos *brigou *brigom
dative *brigē *brigobom *brigobos
instrumental *brige? *brigobim *brigobis

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *breɣ
    • Middle Cornish: bre
    • Middle Breton: bre
    • Middle Welsh: bre
  • Old Irish: brí
  • Gaulish: *brignā, -brigā (in toponyms)
    • Vulgar Latin: *brigna (see there for further descendants)
    • Ligurian: bric
    • Piedmontese: brich
  • Hispano-Celtic: -bris (hill-fort) (in toponyms)
    • Galician: -bre (in toponyms)

References[edit]

  • Ranko Matasović (2009), “brig-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 77