Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/(s)leh₃y-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Root[edit]

*(s)leh₃y-

  1. blueish

Derived terms[edit]

  • *(s)léh₃i-ko-s[1][3][4][5]
    • Proto-Germanic: *slaihǭ (sloe) (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)leh₃i-ró-s[6][2]
    • Proto-Italic: *loiros[7]
    • >? Proto-Celtic: *(s)lairā
      • Proto-Brythonic: *lloɨr (moon) (see there for further descendants)
  • *(s)lih₃-wó-s[1][3][8][5][9][10]
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *sliˀwā́ˀ
    • Proto-Celtic: *līwos (colour) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Italic: *līwos[11]
      • Latin: līveō (to be bluish in color; livid) (+ -eo)
      • Latin: līvidus (leaden, bluish, blue; black and blue, livid) (+ -idus)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “*(s)lī-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 967
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nussbaum, Alan J. (1997), “The 'Saussure Effect' in Latin and Italic”, in Lubotsky, Alexander, editor, Sound Law and Analogy: Papers in honor of R.S.P. Beekes[1], Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 199: “*(s)lei̯H-”
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Zair, Nicholas (2012) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Celtic, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 108
  4. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[2], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 100
  5. 5.0 5.1 Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1991) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Latin (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 2), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 231
  6. ^ Vine, Brent (2002), “On full-grade *-ro- formations in Greek and Indo-European”, in Southern, Mark R. V., editor, Indo-European Perspectives, Washington, D.C.: Institute for the Study of Man
  7. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “lūridus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 354
  8. ^ Koch, John (2004), “*līwo(s)-”, in English–Proto-Celtic Word-list with attested comparanda, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, pages 68-69
  9. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, pages 334
  10. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page *slìva of 453-454
  11. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “līvidus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 347