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This Proto-Brythonic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Celtic *wrakī or Proto-Celtic *gʷrakī. In the former case related to Old Irish frac (woman), and in the latter case perhaps related to Middle Irish *grúac (hair). For similar sense development, see Scottish Gaelic gruagach (maiden, woman), which evolved from gruag, as unmarried women did not cover their hair.[1][2][3]



*gwrėg f (plural *gwrageð)

  1. woman, female human
  2. wife


  • Middle Breton: gruec
  • Old Cornish: greg, grueg
  • Middle Welsh: gureic, gwreic


  1. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911), “gruag”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page 206
  2. ^ R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gwraig”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  3. ^ Garnett, R. (1859). The Philological Essays of the Late Rev. Richard Garnett, of the British Museum. United Kingdom: Williams and Norgate, p. 159