Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/kaɸrāxs

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from an extension of Proto-Indo-European *kápros (goat) (compare *gabros (goat)), and thus cognate with Latin caper and Old Norse hafr; but the -ɸr- is difficult to explain as it normally should have become -br- in Proto-Celtic.

Noun[edit]

*kaɸrāxs f

  1. sheep
    Synonyms: *dametos, *owis

Inflection[edit]

Masculine/feminine consonant stem
singular dual plural
nominative *kaɸrāxs *kaɸrāke *kaɸrākes
vocative *kaɸrāxs *kaɸrāke *kaɸrākes
accusative *kaɸrākam *kaɸrāke *kaɸrākams
genitive *kaɸrākos *kaɸrākou *kaɸrākom
dative *kaɸrākē *kaɸrākobom *kaɸrākobos
instrumental *kaɸrāke? *kaɸrākobim *kaɸrākobis

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Irish: cáera, caíra
    • Irish: caora
    • Manx: keyrrey
    • Scottish Gaelic: caora
  • Middle Welsh: kaeriwrch