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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *tr̥h₂n̥t-s, from *térh₂-ont-s ~ *tr̥h₂-n̥t-és, participle of *térh₂-t ~ *tr̥h₂-ént (to get through, cross over). Cognate with Proto-Italic *trānts.



  1. across

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Proto-Brythonic: *trọs
  • Old Irish: trá


  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*taras”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 370:*trāns
  2. 2.0 2.1 Zair, Nicholas (2012) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Celtic, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 179:*trā̆nts
  3. 3.0 3.1 Schumacher, Stefan, Schulze-Thulin, Britta (2004) Die keltischen Primärverben: ein vergleichendes, etymologisches und morphologisches Lexikon [The Celtic Primary Verbs: A comparative, etymological and morphological lexicon] (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft; 110) (in German), Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck, →ISBN, page 138:*trānts; *trānss