Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/Tīwaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deywós (god). Possibly attested as 𐌕𐌄𐌉𐌅𐌀 (teiva) on the Negau helmet.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

*Tīwaz m

  1. Tyr, the Germanic god of war. Identified in later times with the Roman god Mars.
  2. (Runic alphabet) name of the T-rune ()

Inflection[edit]

masculine a-stemDeclension of *Tīwaz (masculine a-stem)
singular
nominative *Tīwaz
vocative *Tīw
accusative *Tīwą
genitive *Tīwas, *Tīwis
dative *Tīwai
instrumental *Tīwō

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Old English: Tīw
    • English: Tiw (learned)
  • Old Frisian: Tii
  • Old High German: Ziu, *Zīw
  • Old Norse: Týr, tívar
  • Gothic: *𐍄𐌴𐌹𐍅𐍃 (*teiws)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Markey, Tom (2001) , “A Tale of Two Helmets: The Negau A and B Inscriptions”, in Journal of Indo-European Studies, volume 29, issue 1/2, pages 69–172