Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/arjaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eryos. Cognate with Sanskrit अर्य (arya, kind, hospitable), Proto-Celtic *aryos (free man).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

*arjaz (comparative *arjōzô, superlative *arjōstaz)

  1. distinguished, esteemed

Inflection[edit]


Descendants[edit]

The positive form is not attested in any of the daughter languages, but might exist in some personal names.

The superlative is attested in compound, ᚨᚱᛒᛁᛃᚨᚱᛃᛟᛋᛏᛖᛉ (arbijarjostez), the meaning and form of which is debated, but generally given as meaning "most distinguished (of heirs)". The nominative plural ending *-ᛖᛉ (*-ez) is explained by Boutkan as Proto-Germanic *-ai > Norse *-ē + *-z/r.

References[edit]

  • 2002, Elmer H. Antonsen, Runes and Germanic Linguistics, Berlin-New York, Mouton De Gruyter
  • Dirk Boutkan, (1995), The Germanic 'Auslautgesetze'. A New Interpretation. (Leiden Studies in Indo-European) Amsterdam, Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, page 101