Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰewgʰ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*bʰewgʰ-[1]

  1. to bend
  2. curve; swelling

Derived terms[edit]


  • *bʰewgʰ- (full-grade root present)
    • Germanic: *beuganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰugʰ- (zero-grade root present)
    • Albanian butë
    • Armenian: (possibly) բուկ (buk) (seems to reflect *bʰewg-)
    • Indo-Iranian:
  • *bʰugʰ-eh₂-ye-
  • *bʰowgʰ-ro-
  • *bʰu-né-gʰ- ~ *bʰu-n-gʰ- (nasal-infix present)
    • Celtic: *bungeti (see there for further descendants)

With metathesis *gʰewbʰ-.

  • *gʰu-né-bʰ- ~ *gʰu-m-bʰ- (nasal-infix present)
  • *gʰubʰ-néw- ~ *gʰubʰ-nu- (nu-present)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • *gʰowbʰ-eye- (causative/iterative)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *gubìti (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill