Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dʰégʷʰeti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Thematic root present to the root *dʰegʷʰ-.

Verb[edit]

*dʰégʷʰeti (imperfective)

  1. to burn, to be burning

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *dʰégʷʰeti
3rd plural *dʰégʷʰonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *dʰégʷʰoh₂ *dʰégʷʰom *dʰégʷʰōh₂ *dʰégʷʰoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *dʰégʷʰesi *dʰégʷʰes *dʰégʷʰe *dʰégʷʰēsi *dʰégʷʰoys
3rd singular *dʰégʷʰeti *dʰégʷʰet *dʰégʷʰetu *dʰégʷʰēti *dʰégʷʰoyt
1st dual *dʰégʷʰowos *dʰégʷʰowe *dʰégʷʰōwos *dʰégʷʰoywe
2nd dual *dʰégʷʰetes *dʰégʷʰetom *dʰégʷʰetom *dʰégʷʰētes *dʰégʷʰoytom
3rd dual *dʰégʷʰetes *dʰégʷʰetām *dʰégʷʰetām *dʰégʷʰētes *dʰégʷʰoytām
1st plural *dʰégʷʰomos *dʰégʷʰome *dʰégʷʰōmos *dʰégʷʰoyme
2nd plural *dʰégʷʰete *dʰégʷʰete *dʰégʷʰete *dʰégʷʰēte *dʰégʷʰoyte
3rd plural *dʰégʷʰonti *dʰégʷʰont *dʰégʷʰontu *dʰégʷʰōnti *dʰégʷʰoyh₁n̥t
Participle *dʰégʷʰonts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *dʰégʷʰoh₂er *dʰégʷʰoh₂e *dʰégʷʰōh₂er *dʰégʷʰoyh₂e
2nd singular *dʰégʷʰeth₂er *dʰégʷʰeth₂e *dʰégʷʰeso *dʰégʷʰēth₂er *dʰégʷʰoyth₂e
3rd singular *dʰégʷʰetor *dʰégʷʰeto *? *dʰégʷʰētor *dʰégʷʰoyto, *dʰégʷʰoyh₁o
1st dual *dʰégʷʰowosdʰh₂ *dʰégʷʰowedʰh₂ *dʰégʷʰōwosdʰh₂ *dʰégʷʰoywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *dʰégʷʰomosdʰh₂ *dʰégʷʰomedʰh₂ *dʰégʷʰōmosdʰh₂ *dʰégʷʰoymedʰh₂
2nd plural *dʰégʷʰedʰh₂we *dʰégʷʰedʰh₂we *dʰégʷʰedʰh₂we *dʰégʷʰēdʰh₂we *dʰégʷʰoydʰh₂we
3rd plural *dʰégʷʰoror, *dʰégʷʰontor *dʰégʷʰoro, *dʰégʷʰonto *? *dʰégʷʰōror, *dʰégʷʰōntor *dʰégʷʰoyro, *dʰégʷʰoyh₁n̥to
Participle *dʰégʷʰomnos

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: *dega[1]
  • Balto-Slavic: *degtéi (see there for further descendants)
    • Balto-Slavic: *degut(j)as (tar) (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *dʰáǰʰati (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *tsäk- (to burn up)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir, “djeg”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, 1998, →ISBN, page 68