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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



*dʰegʷʰ- (imperfective)[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. to burn
  2. warm, hot

Derived terms[edit]

Unsorted formations
  • Proto-Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: հր-դեհ (hr-deh) (possible borrowing)
  • Proto-Germanic: *diurijaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic:
  • Proto-Italic:
    • Latin: *fovimentum
      • Latin: fōmentum (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Albanian: *və-dez



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dhegh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 240-241
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*dʰegʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 133-134
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*daǰ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 53-54
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ndez”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 284
  5. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “djeg”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 68
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*degʷi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 93
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “daga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 110
  8. 8.0 8.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “τέφρα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 1475-1476
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “febris”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 208