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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Possibly related to Proto-Kartvelian *deɣ- (day) (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?).


*dʰegʷʰ- (imperfective)[1][2][3][4][5]

  1. to burn
  2. warm, hot

Derived terms[edit]

Unsorted formations
  • Proto-Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: հր-դեհ (hr-deh) (possible borrowing)
  • Proto-Germanic: *diurijaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: [Term?]
  • Proto-Italic: [Term?]
    • Latin: *fovimentum
      • Latin: fōmentum (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Albanian: *və-dez


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “dhegh-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 240-241
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*dʰegʰ-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 133-134
  3. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*daǰ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 53-54
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ndez”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 284
  5. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “djeg”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 68
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Ranko Matasović (2009), “*degʷi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 93
  7. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “daga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 110
  8. 8.0 8.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “τέφρα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 1475-1476
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “febris”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 208