Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/dagaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Often explained as derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *dʰegʷʰ- (to burn), but the loss of the labialization would be irregular; *dawaz would be expected. Kroonen posits instead a root *dʰeǵʰ- (day), from which he says a heteroclitic noun *dʰṓǵʰ-r/n- (day) is also derived, the source of Proto-Germanic *dōgera-/*dōgena- (see *dōg-) and Proto-Indo-Iranian *ajʰ-r/n- with irregular loss of the initial consonant, possibly in the zero grade.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*dagaz m

  1. day
    Synonym: *tīnaz
  2. (Runic alphabet) name of the D-rune ()

Inflection[edit]

masculine a-stemDeclension of *dagaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *dagaz *dagōz, *dagōs
vocative *dag *dagōz, *dagōs
accusative *dagą *daganz
genitive *dagas, *dagis *dagǫ̂
dative *dagai *dagamaz
instrumental *dagō *dagamiz

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill