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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Uncertain. Often explained as derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *dʰegʷʰ- (to burn), but the loss of the labialization would be irregular; *dawaz would be expected. Kroonen posits instead a root *dʰeǵʰ- (day), from which he says a heteroclitic noun *dʰṓǵʰ-r/n- (day) is also derived, the source of Proto-Germanic *dōgera-/*dōgena- (see *dōg-) and Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háȷ́ʰr̥ (from which Sanskrit अहर् (ahar)) with irregular loss of the initial consonant, possibly in the zero grade.[1] For this root, see also *gēz, Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐍃𐍄𐍂𐌰𐌳𐌰𐌲𐌹𐍃 (gistradagis) and Proto-West Germanic *gesteran (yesterday), all deriving from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰyés.



*dagaz m

  1. day
    Synonym: *tīnaz
  2. (Runic alphabet) name of the D-rune ()


masculine a-stemDeclension of *dagaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *dagaz *dagōz, *dagōs
vocative *dag *dagōz, *dagōs
accusative *dagą *daganz
genitive *dagas, *dagis *dagǫ̂
dative *dagai *dagamaz
instrumental *dagō *dagamiz

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  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN