fomes

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From medical Latin fōmes (fomite), a figurative extension of its original sense of kindling, tinder, &c. Gradually supplanted in use by fomite, a mistaken backformation of its plural form fomites, from Latin fōmitēs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fomes (plural fomites)

  1. (obsolete, medicine) The morbid matter created by a disease.
    • 1773, Gentleman's Magazine, No. 43, p. 554:
      If this putrid ferment could be more immediately corrected, a stop would probably be put to the flux, and the fomes of the disease likewise removed.
  2. (archaic, medicine) Synonym of fomite: a substance able to communicate infection between people.
    • 1803, Medical & Physical Journal, No. 10, p. 213:
      I cannot say that I have known it spread from fomites.
    Toys are common fomites.
  3. (archaic, figuratively) Anything which similarly facilitates the spread of something similarly deleterious.
    • 1658, John Owen, Of Temptation, p. 126:
      Naturall tempers... prove a great Fomes of sinne.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰegʷʰ-. Related to Latin foveō (I keep warm), compare Latin fōmentum (compress, poultice; kindling; mitigation).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fōmes f (genitive fōmitis); third declension

  1. tinder, kindling
  2. (Medieval Latin) tinderbox
  3. (New Latin, medicine) fomite

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fōmes fōmitēs
Genitive fōmitis fōmitum
Dative fōmitī fōmitibus
Accusative fōmitem fōmitēs
Ablative fōmite fōmitibus
Vocative fōmes fōmitēs

References[edit]

  • fomes in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fomes in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fomes in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

fomes

  1. plural of fome

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

fomes

  1. plural of fome

Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fomes

  1. plural of fome