Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂éwh₂os

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

  • *h₂éwh₂s ~ *h₂uh₂ós[1]

Reconstruction[edit]

On the basis of the geminate "ḫ" in Hittite "ḫuḫḫa-", Kloekhorst concludes that it cannot reflect a diphthong, since it's contradicted by Eichner's lenition law. Therefore he argues that an athematic ablauting paradigm should be reconstructed instead.

Noun[edit]

*h₂éwh₂os m (non-ablauting)[2]

  1. maternal grandfather
  2. maternal uncle

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *h₂éwh₂os
genitive *h₂éwh₂osyo
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂éwh₂os *h₂éwh₂oh₁ *h₂éwh₂oes
vocative *h₂éwh₂e *h₂éwh₂oh₁ *h₂éwh₂oes
accusative *h₂éwh₂om *h₂éwh₂oh₁ *h₂éwh₂oms
genitive *h₂éwh₂osyo *? *h₂éwh₂ooHom
ablative *h₂éwh₂ead *? *h₂éwh₂omos
dative *h₂éwh₂oey *? *h₂éwh₂omos
locative *h₂éwh₂ey, *h₂éwh₂oy *? *h₂éwh₂oysu
instrumental *h₂éwh₂oh₁ *? *h₂éwh₂ōys

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 411
  2. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press