Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ḱrós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *h₂eḱ- +‎ *-rós.

Adjective[edit]

*h₂ḱrós (non-ablauting)

  1. sharp

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *h₂ḱrós *h₂ḱréh₂
genitive *h₂ḱrósyo *h₂ḱréh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *h₂ḱrós *h₂ḱróh₁ *h₂ḱróes
vocative *h₂ḱré *h₂ḱróh₁ *h₂ḱróes
accusative *h₂ḱróm *h₂ḱróh₁ *h₂ḱróms
genitive *h₂ḱrósyo *? *h₂ḱróoHom
ablative *h₂ḱréad *? *h₂ḱrómos
dative *h₂ḱróey *? *h₂ḱrómos
locative *h₂ḱréy, *h₂ḱróy *? *h₂ḱróysu
instrumental *h₂ḱróh₁ *? *h₂ḱrṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *h₂ḱréh₂ *h₂ḱréh₂h₁(e) *h₂ḱréh₂es
vocative *h₂ḱréh₂ *h₂ḱréh₂h₁(e) *h₂ḱréh₂es
accusative *h₂ḱrā́m *h₂ḱréh₂h₁(e) *h₂ḱréh₂m̥s
genitive *h₂ḱréh₂s *? *h₂ḱréh₂oHom
ablative *h₂ḱréh₂s *? *h₂ḱréh₂mos
dative *h₂ḱréh₂ey *? *h₂ḱréh₂mos
locative *h₂ḱréh₂, *h₂ḱréh₂i *? *h₂ḱréh₂su
instrumental *h₂ḱréh₂h₁ *? *h₂ḱréh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *h₂ḱróm *h₂ḱróy(h₁) *h₂ḱréh₂
vocative *h₂ḱróm *h₂ḱróy(h₁) *h₂ḱréh₂
accusative *h₂ḱróm *h₂ḱróy(h₁) *h₂ḱréh₂
genitive *h₂ḱrósyo *? *h₂ḱróoHom
ablative *h₂ḱréad *? *h₂ḱrómos
dative *h₂ḱróey *? *h₂ḱrómos
locative *h₂ḱréy, *h₂ḱróy *? *h₂ḱróysu
instrumental *h₂ḱróh₁ *? *h₂ḱrṓys

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “acar”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 1
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “aštrus”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 64
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*ostrъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 379
  4. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*akro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 28
  5. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἄκρος, -α, -ον”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 57
  6. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “ācer, -is, -e”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 22