Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃nṓgʰs

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

  • *h₃nógʷʰ-s

Noun[edit]

*h₃nṓgʰs m[1]

  1. nail (of the finger or toe)

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, amphikinetic
singular
nominative *h₃nṓgʰs
genitive *h₃negʰés
singular dual plural
nominative *h₃nṓgʰs *h₃nógʰh₁(e) *h₃nógʰes
vocative *h₃nógʰ *h₃nógʰh₁(e) *h₃nógʰes
accusative *h₃nógʰm̥ *h₃nógʰh₁(e) *h₃nógʰm̥s
genitive *h₃negʰés *? *h₃negʰóHom
ablative *h₃negʰés *? *h₃negʰmós
dative *h₃negʰéy *? *h₃negʰmós
locative *h₃négʰ, *h₃négʰi *? *h₃negʰsú
instrumental *h₃negʰéh₁ *? *h₃negʰbʰí

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: *unug- (< accusative *h₃nógʰ-m̥)[8]
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hnā́kš (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “naga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 327
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ὄνυξ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 1086-1087
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “unguis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 641
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “naga”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 355
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Kümmel, Martin Joachim (2012), “Avestisch nāf° und nabā.-: Flexion und Wortbildung”, in Schindlers Listen: Ein Vierteljahrhundert Jochem-Schindler-Lehre[1], volume 13, Wien
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  8. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 254-255