եղունգն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ- (*h₃nogʷʰ- or *h₃nogʰ-u-). Armenian presents phonological problems. Martirosyan proposes the following derivation chain: with secondary e-prothesis from Proto-Armenian *lungn, by dissimilation and loss of pretonic u- from *unúngn, through nasal anticipation from *unug-n, with a final nasal frequent in body-part terms (probably from Proto-Indo-European accusative *-m̥). See also մագիլ ‎(magil). The meanings #2-4 developed on the model of Ancient Greek ὄνυξ ‎(ónux).

Noun[edit]

եղունգն ‎(ełungn)

  1. nail; claw, talon; hoof
  2. (figuratively) an instrument of a sculptor; scraper
  3. onyx (gem)
  4. a kind of aromatic substance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “եղունգն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “եղունգն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “եղունգն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 254