onyx

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Before 1300 as onix, in about 1250 as oneche, from Old French oniche or onix, from Latin onyx, from Ancient Greek ὄνυξ (onyx).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

onyx ‎(countable and uncountable, plural onyxes)

  1. (mineralogy) A banded variety of chalcedony, a cryptocrystalline form of quartz.
  2. A jet-black color, named after the gemstone.
    onyx colour:    

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

onyx ‎(not comparable)

  1. jet-black
    • 1611, Bible (KJV):, Genesis, 2:12
      And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
    • 1922, Michael Arlen, chapter 3/7/2, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
      There was no moon, only stars set brilliantly in the soft black onyx of the sky : a black night and very silent on Cimiez ; and a black and silent prospect from the verandah []

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chambers Dictionary of Etymology, Robert K. Barnhart (ed.), Chambers, 1988

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ὄνυξ(ónux, nail).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

onyx m ‎(genitive onychis); third declension

  1. onyx, yellow marble
  2. A yellowish precious stone
  3. The female of a mussel of the scallop species

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative onyx onychēs
genitive onychis onychum
dative onychī onychibus
accusative onychem onychēs
ablative onyche onychibus
vocative onyx onychēs

References[edit]

  • onyx in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • onyx in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • onyx in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • onyx in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

onyx m (plural onyx)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ónix (used in Portugal until September 1911 and died out in Brazil during the 1920s).