sardonyx

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin sardonyx.

Noun[edit]

sardonyx (countable and uncountable, plural sardonyxes)

  1. A gemstone having bands of red sard; a variety of onyx or chalcedony.
    • Bible, Revelation xxi. 20
      The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
    • 1980, Colin Thubron, Seafarers: The Venetians, page 40:
      The large chalice at right is carved from a single chunk of sardonyx, a kind of onyx. Its gilded rim and base are decorated with tiny enamels depicting a host of popular saints, including Nicephorus (farthest left on rim), a Ninth Century patriarch and opponent of a religious movement to destroy icons.
  2. (heraldry) A tincture of sanguine colour when the blazoning is done by precious stones.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek σαρδόνυξ m (sardónux).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sardonyx m or f (genitive sardonychos or sardonychis); third declension

  1. sardonyx

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, normal variant or non-Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sardonyx sardonyches
sardonychēs
Genitive sardonychos
sardonychis
sardonychum
Dative sardonychī sardonychibus
Accusative sardonycha
sardonychem
sardonychas
sardonychēs
Ablative sardonyche sardonychibus
Vocative sardonyx sardonyches
sardonychēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: sardonyx
  • Italian: sardonice

References[edit]