ὄνυξ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ-.

Cognates include Latin unguis, Old Irish inga, Sanskrit नख(nakhá, claw, nail), Old Armenian եղունգն(ełungn), Persian ناخن(nâxon), Old Church Slavonic ногъть(nogŭtĭ), Lithuanian nagas, Albanian nyell, and Old English næġel (English nail).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ὄνυξ ‎(ónuxm ‎(genitive ὄνυχος); third declension

  1. claw, nail, hoof
  2. Anything which resembles a claw or nail
    1. scraping tool
    2. onyx (gem)
    3. a kind of aromatic substance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ὄνυξ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ὄνυξ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ὄνυξ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ὄνυξ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ὄνυξ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ὄνυξ in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • claw idem, page 136.
    • nail idem, page 550.
    • talon idem, page 854.