ὄνυξ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ-.

Cognates include Latin unguis, Old Irish inga, Sanskrit नख ‎(nakhá, claw, nail), Old Armenian եղունգն ‎(ełungn), Persian ناخن ‎(nâxon), Old Church Slavonic ногъть ‎(nogŭtĭ), Lithuanian nagas, Albanian nyell, and Old English næġel (English nail).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ὄνυξ ‎(ónuxm ‎(genitive ὄνυχος); third declension

  1. claw, nail, hoof
  2. Anything which resembles a claw or nail
    1. scraping tool
    2. onyx (gem)
    3. a kind of aromatic substance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ὄνυξ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ὄνυξ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ὄνυξ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ὄνυξ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «ὄνυξ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ὄνυξ in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • claw idem, page 136.
    • nail idem, page 550.
    • talon idem, page 854.