ὄνυξ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃negʰ-.

Cognates include Latin unguis, Old Irish inga, Sanskrit नख (nakhá, claw, nail), Old Armenian եղունգն (ełungn), Persian ناخن (nâxon), Old Church Slavonic ногъть (nogŭtĭ), Lithuanian nagas, Albanian nyell, and Old English næġel (English nail).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ó.nyks/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈo.nyks/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈo.nyks/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈo.nyks/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈo.niks/
  • Noun[edit]

    ὄνῠξ (ónuxm (genitive ὄνῠχος); third declension

    1. claw, nail, hoof
    2. Anything which resembles a claw or nail
      1. scraping tool
      2. onyx (gem)
      3. a kind of aromatic substance

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    • ὄνυξ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • ὄνυξ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • ὄνυξ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
    • ὄνυξ in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
    • ὄνυξ in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
    • ὄνυξ in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.