մագիլ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian մագիլ ‎(magil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

մագիլ ‎(magil)

  1. claw; talon

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain.

According to Ačaṙyan, perhaps a “Caucasian” borrowing; he compares Georgian მახვილი ‎(maxvili, pointed, sharp), Udi мух ‎(muχ, nail; claw) and several Avar forms. J̌ahukyan adds also Avar (Southern dialect) малгь ‎(malh), Bagvalal милгьв ‎(milhʷ, nail; claw) and considers the Armenian specifically a Northeast Caucasian borrowing. Compare also literary Avar малъ ‎(mał, nail; claw). Nikolayev and Starostin reconstruct Proto-North Caucasian *mɦǟƛă, *mɦǟƛǝ̆ ‎(finger-nail, toe-nail) for these.

Alternatively, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ- ‎(nail) via pre-Armenian *h₃nogʷʰ-ōl-eh₂, with the nm change possibly being the result of assimilatory influence of a labiovelar in the following syllable from Proto-Armenian or the influence of մատն ‎(matn, finger); compare also Tocharian A maku, Tocharian B mekwa ‎(nails).

Noun[edit]

մագիլ ‎(magil)

  1. claw, talon
    երկաթի մագիլք‎ ― erkatʿi magilkʿ ― torturing hooks
    ըմբռնել մագլօք‎ ― əmbṙnel maglōkʿ ― to seize with the claws or talons, to clutch, to grapple, to grasp, to hook

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “մագիլ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “մագիլ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “մագիլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “մագիլ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 609
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 255
  • Nikolayev, S. L.; Starostin, S. A. (1994), “*mɦǟƛă (~-ǝ̆)”, in A North Caucasian Etymological Dictionary, Moscow: Asterisk Publishers