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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *smer- (anoint) +‎ *-us.



  1. grease


Athematic, proterokinetic
nominative *smérus
genitive *sm̥réws
singular dual plural
nominative *smérus *sméruh₁(e) *smérewes
vocative *sméru *sméruh₁(e) *smérewes
accusative *smérum *sméruh₁(e) *smérums
genitive *sm̥réws *? *sm̥réwoHom
ablative *sm̥réws *? *sm̥rúmos
dative *sm̥réwey *? *sm̥rúmos
locative *sm̥réw, *sm̥réwi *? *sm̥rúsu
instrumental *sm̥rúh₁ *? *sm̥rúmis

Derived terms[edit]

  • *smer-u-lo-[1]
    • Proto-Italic: *(s)merulos
  • *smér-w-os (oily)[2][3]



  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “medulla”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 369
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*smerwa-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 458
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “ṣmare”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 731–732
  4. ^ Victor Mair (2022 June 22) “Tocharian words for oil”, in Language Log[1], retrieved 2022-06-22
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) “*smeru-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 347-348