Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/stnéh₂ti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *steh₂- +‎ *-né-.

Verb[edit]

*stnéh₂ti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to place, to stand

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, athematic
3rd singular *stnéh₂ti
3rd plural *stn̥h₂énti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *stnéh₂mi *stnā́m *stnéh₂oh₂ *stn̥h₂yéh₁m̥
2nd singular *stnéh₂si *stnéh₂s *stnéh₂, *stn̥h₂dʰí *stnéh₂esi *stn̥h₂yéh₁s
3rd singular *stnéh₂ti *stnéh₂t *stnéh₂tu *stnéh₂eti *stn̥h₂yéh₁t
1st dual *stn̥h₂wós *stn̥h₂wé *stnéh₂owos *stn̥h₂ih₁wé
2nd dual *stn̥h₂tés *stn̥h₂tóm *stn̥h₂tóm *stnéh₂etes *stn̥h₂ih₁tóm
3rd dual *stn̥h₂tés *stn̥h₂tā́m *stn̥h₂tā́m *stnéh₂etes *stn̥h₂ih₁tā́m
1st plural *stn̥h₂mós *stn̥h₂mé *stnéh₂omos *stn̥h₂ih₁mé
2nd plural *stn̥h₂té *stn̥h₂té *stn̥h₂té *stnéh₂ete *stn̥h₂ih₁té
3rd plural *stn̥h₂énti *stn̥h₂ént *stn̥h₂éntu *stnéh₂onti *stn̥h₂ih₁ént
Participle *stn̥h₂ónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *stn̥h₂h₂ér *stn̥h₂h₂é *stnéh₂oh₂er *stn̥h₂ih₁h₂é
2nd singular *stn̥h₂th₂ér *stn̥h₂th₂é *stn̥h₂só *stnéh₂eth₂er *stn̥h₂ih₁th₂é
3rd singular *stn̥h₂tór, *stn̥h₂ór *stn̥h₂tó, *stn̥h₂ó *? *stnéh₂etor *stn̥h₂ih₁tó, *stn̥h₂ih₁ó
1st dual *stn̥h₂wósdʰh₂ *stn̥h₂wédʰh₂ *stnéh₂owosdʰh₂ *stn̥h₂ih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *stn̥h₂mósdʰh₂ *stn̥h₂médʰh₂ *stnéh₂omosdʰh₂ *stn̥h₂ih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *stn̥h₂dʰh₂wé *stn̥h₂dʰh₂wé *stn̥h₂dʰh₂wé *stnéh₂edʰh₂we *stn̥h₂ih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *stn̥h₂rór, *stn̥h₂n̥tór *stn̥h₂ró, *stn̥h₂n̥tó *? *stnéh₂oror, *stnéh₂ontor *stn̥h₂ih₁ró, *stn̥h₂ih₁n̥tó
Participle *stn̥h₂m̥h₁nós

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: *stan-
  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (istanh-mi)
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic:
    • Slavic: *stati (present *stan-)
  • Hellenic:
  • Italic: *stanō

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill