Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/ćr̥Hwás

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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱr̥h₂-wó-s, from *ḱerh₂- (head, horn) +‎ *-wós.

Noun[edit]

*ćr̥Hwás m

  1. horn

Declension[edit]

masculine a-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *ćr̥Hwás *ćr̥Hwā́ *ćr̥Hwā́, -ā́s(as)
vocative *ćr̥Hwa *ćr̥Hwā́ *ćr̥Hwā́, -ā́s(as)
accusative *ćr̥Hwám *ćr̥Hwā́ *ćr̥Hwā́ns
instrumental *ćr̥Hwā́ *ćr̥HwáybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *ćr̥Hwā́yš
ablative *ćr̥Hwā́t *ćr̥HwáybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *ćr̥Hwáybʰyas
dative *ćr̥Hwā́y *ćr̥HwáybʰyaH, -ā́bʰyām *ćr̥Hwáybʰyas
genitive *ćr̥Hwásya *ćr̥Hwáyās *ćr̥Hwā́na(H)m
locative *ćr̥Hwáy *ćr̥Hwáyaw *ćr̥Hwáyšu

Descendants[edit]

  • Iranian: *ĉr̥Hwáh (horn)
    • Avestan: 𐬯𐬭𐬎𐬎𐬁(sruuā)
    • Chorasmian: [script needed] (šw)
    • Khotanese: ṣu-, ṣṣu-
    • Kurdish:
      Northern Kurdish: strû (strū, horn)
      Central Kurdish: ئەسرۆ(asrō, horn)
    • Middle Persian:
      Book Pahlavi: [script needed] (slwb' /srū/, horn, nail)
      • Persian: سرو(surū, animal horn)
    • Ossetian:
      Digor: сиуӕ (siwæ)
      Iron: сы (sy)
    • → Old Armenian: սրուակ (sruak)
  • → Proto-Finno-Ugric: *śarwe (see there for further descendants)