Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/cwáHdaH

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This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćwáHdʰaH, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwéh₁-dʰ-o-h₁ (dual), from *ḱweh₁-, *ḱewh₁- (to swell, be great)[1]. Possible cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬏𐬌𐬛𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬌(sūidiiāi, to swell, increase, inf.), Bactrian σοδο (sodo /sūdo/, plenty), Middle Persian [script needed] (swd /sūd/), [script needed] (swwd /sūd/, profit, advantage), Sanskrit शवस् (śavas, strength, superiority).

Noun[edit]

*cwáHdaH m

  1. army

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kent, Roland G. (1950), “spada-”, in Old Persian: grammar, texts, lexicon, New Haven: American Oriental Society, page 210
  2. ^ Абаев, В. И. (1958), “æfsad | æfsad”, in Историко-этимологический словарь осетинского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow, Leningrad: Academy Press, page 479
  3. ^ ˀsph”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–