سپاه

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian spʾh / 𐭮𐭯𐭠𐭧(spāh), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćwáHdʰaH, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwéh₁-dʰ-o-h₁ (dual), from *ḱweh₁-, *ḱewh₁- (to swell, be great). Possible cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬏𐬌𐬛𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬌(sūidiiāi, to swell, increase, inf.), Bactrian σοδο (sodo /sūdo/, plenty), Middle Persian [script needed] (swd /sūd/), [script needed] (swwd /sūd/, profit, advantage), Sanskrit शवस् (śavas, strength, superiority).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سپاه (sepâh) (plural سپاه‌ها(sepâh-hâ))

  1. army
    Synonym: لشکر(laškar)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Urdu: سپاه‌(sipāh)

References[edit]

  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892), “سپاه”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul
  • Perixanjan, A. G. (1993) Материалы к этимологическому словарю древнеармянского языка. Часть I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1]‎[1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 18