Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/reis

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This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Italic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *reh₁ís.

Noun[edit]

*reis f[1][2]

  1. thing, matter

Declension[edit]

Originally, the noun was a "regular" i-stem, and would have been *rēj- before vowels (genitive *rējes, dative *rējei etc.), and *rēi before consonants and word-finally (nominative *rēis, perhaps originally disyllabic). In the former, -j- was regularly lost, while in the latter the diphthong was shortened before another consonant, due to Osthoff's law.

vowel/i-stem, irregularDeclension of *reis (vowel/i-stem, irregular)
singular plural
nominative *reis *rēs
vocative *reis *rēs
accusative *reim, *rēm *reins? *rens?
genitive *rēs *rēom
dative *rēi *reiβos (*rēβos?)
ablative *rīd?, *rē? *reiβos (*rēβos?)
locative *rēi *reiβos (*rēβos?)

Descendants[edit]

  • Latin: rēs

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN