Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ьce

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reflects Proto-Indo-European *-ikóm, a neutral counter-part to Proto-Slavic *-ьcь m, Proto-Slavic *-ьca f.

Suffix[edit]

*-ьce n

  1. Denominal, forms diminutives from neutral nouns.
    *moldę (cub, baby)*moldętьce (puppy, kitten, little one, etc.)
    *město (city, place, space, room)*městьce (small town, tiny space/room)
    *okъno (window)*okъnьce (small window)
    *pero (feather)*perьce (plumule)
    *nebo (heaven)*nebьce (palate)
    *aje (ovum, egg)*ajьce (egg)
  2. Structural formant, without a base noun to synchronically derive from.
    *sьrdьce (heart)
    *sъlnьce (sun)

Usage notes[edit]

When appended to *-ę or *-mę stems, the nt-/n-stem clears out, e.g.:

*dětę (child)*dětenьce (small child)
*znamę (flag, token)*znamenьce (small flag, token)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ице (-ice)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: -ьцє (-ĭce), -ице (-ice) (when attached to roots ending in *-je)
      Glagolitic: -ⱐⱌⰵ (-ĭce), -ⰹⱌⰵ (-ice) (when attached to roots ending in *-je)
    • Bulgarian: -це (-ce)
    • Macedonian: -це (-ce)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -це
      Latin: -ce
    • Slovene: -ce
  • West Slavic:

References[edit]

  • Šekli, Matej (2012), “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32