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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *-ьkъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *-ikas, from Proto-Indo-European *-ikos. Comparison with other languages points to the antiquity of denominal formations, which are most likely substantivized adjectives.[1] Cognate with Lithuanian -ingas, Latvian -īgs, Proto-Germanic *-igaz, Latin -icus, Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikós). Typically, these suffixes fulfill adjectival function (similar to Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ), however, sometimes their derivatives could also act as nominals like in Slavic.


*-ьcь m

  1. Forms diminutives from nouns.
    *rogъ (horn)*rožьcь (a small horn)
    *obolkъ (cloud)*obolčьcь (a small cloud)
    *gordъ (city, town)*gordьcь (a small town)
  2. Forms nouns from adjectives denoting persons having the specified property.
    *bordatъ (bearded)*bordatьcь (a bearded man)
    *starъ (old)*starьcь (an old man)
    *mǫdrъ (wise)*mǫdrьcь (a wise man)
  3. Forms agent nouns from verbs.
    *plęsati (to dance)*plęsьcь (dancer)
    *loviti (to hunt)*lovьcь (hunter)
    *gǫdti > *gǫsti (to play a string instrument)*gǫdьcь (musician)
    Synonyms: *-teľь, *-čь, *-ьnikъ


See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ьць (-ĭcĭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further reading[edit]

  • Šekli, Matej (2012), “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[2], Helsinki: University of Helsinki, page 70f
  1. ^ Brugmann, Karl. (1916) Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen: II. Lehre von den Wortformen und ihrem Gebrauch, 1. Allgemeines, Zusammensetzung (Komposita), Nominalstämme. Strassburg., pp. 487–491