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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-European *krongʰ-o-, an extension of the root *(s)ker- (to turn) (Derksen) or *kreng- (ЭССЯ). Equivalent to *krъnъ (tiny, chopped) +‎ *-gъ.

Indo-European cognates include Proto-Germanic *hringaz (ring, circle; curve), Umbrian krenkatrum, cringatro.


*krǫ̑gъ m[1][2][3]

  1. circle


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “круг”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “круг”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 446
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1987) , “*krǫgъ”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 13, Moscow: Nauka, page 25


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*krǫ̑gъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 251: “m. o (c) ‘circle’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “krǫgъ krǫga”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “d (OSA 141f.; PR 137; RPT 102)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “krọ̑g”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*krǫ̑gъ”