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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *minēˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *mn-eh₁- (present stem *mn-eye-), from the root *men- (to think, mind).

Cognates include Lithuanian minė́ti (to mention) (1sg. menù, later miniù), Latvian minêt (to mention) (1sg. minu), Lithuanian miñti (to remember, to guess) (1sg. menù), manýti (to understand, to think) (1sg. manaũ), Ancient Greek μαίνομαι (maínomai, to rage), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬙𐬈(mainiiete), Sanskrit मन्यते (mányate, to think, to believe, to suppose), मनुते (manuté, to think, to remember), Old Persian 𐎶𐎡𐎴𐎹𐎠𐏃𐎹 (mainyāhay), Ancient Greek μέμονα (mémona, to remember), Latin meminī (to remember), Gothic 𐌼𐌿𐌽𐌰𐌽 (munan, to think, to remember), Old Irish do·muinethar (to believe), Ancient Greek μιμνήσκω (mimnḗskō, to remind, to remember).


*mьněti impf

  1. to think


Related terms[edit]


  • West Slavic:
    • Old Czech: mnieti (to think, to suppose, to intend)
      • Czech: mnět (to think, to suppose) (archaic), mnít (to think, to suppose) (literary)
    • Old Polish: mnieć (to think, to suppose)
      • Polish: mnieć (to think, to believe, to consider) (archaic; now found only in prefixed verbs, e.g. pomnieć, pomnić (to remember))
    • Slovak: mnieť (to think, to suppose) (obsolete)


  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “мнить”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 536
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*mьněti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 340–341
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “мнить”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1994), “*mьněti (sę)/*mьniti (sę)”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 21, Moscow: Nauka, page 113-115