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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *těskъ (pressing) +‎ *-nъ with loss of *-k- between *s and *n (compare Proto-Slavic *ěsnъ (clear)). Probably from Proto-Indo-European *teh₂y- (to dunk, to knead), akin to Proto-Slavic *tajati (to melt, to precipitate).



  1. narrow
    Synonym: *ǫzъkъ
    Antonym: *širokъ

Alternative forms[edit]


Accent paradigm c.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • East Slavic: тѣснъ (těsnŭ)
    • Belarusian: це́сны (cjésny)
    • Russian: те́сный (tésnyj)
    • Ukrainian: ті́сний (tísnyj)

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “те́сный”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*těsnъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 492
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “tesen”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “Pslovan. *tě̑snъ”
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “těsnъ těsna těsno”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c tæt (PR 138)”