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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





Borrowed from either Proto-West Germanic *walh (foreigner) or Gothic *𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌷𐍃 (*walhs, foreigner)[1],[2] both from Proto-Germanic *walhaz.[3] Per Skok it was borrowed from the Balkan Gothic on the lower Danube, where the Slavs first met the Romans between the 4th and 5th centuries (see Ulfilas).[2]



*vòlxъ m[3][1][4]

  1. a Roman, a speaker of a Romance language



Derived terms





  1. 1.0 1.1 Melnychuk, O. S., editor (1982), “воло́х”, in Етимологічний словник української мови [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume 1 (А – Г), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, page 422
  2. 2.0 2.1 Skok, Petar (1973) “Vläh”, in Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika [Etymological Dictionary of the Croatian or Serbian Language] (in Serbo-Croatian), volumes 3 (poni² – Ž), Zagreb: JAZU, page 606
  3. 3.0 3.1 Pronk-Tiethoff, Saskia E. (2013) The Germanic loanwords in Proto-Slavic[1], Amsterdam - New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 99
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “volxъ volxa”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[2], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:accent paradigm a

Further reading

  • Brückner, Aleksander (1927) “Włoch”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, page 626
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “воло́х”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Verweij, Arno (1994) “Quantity Patterns of Substantives in Czech and Slovak”, in Dutch Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists, Bratislava (Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics)‎[3], volume 22, Editions Rodopi B.V., pages 525, 530