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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *walhaz. Exact donor language cannot be specified;[1] Gothic *𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌷𐍃 (*walhs) is suggested.[2][3] Per Skok it was borrowed from the Balkan Gothic on the lower Danube, where the Slavs first met the Romans between the 4th and 5th centuries (see Ulfilas).[3]


*vòlxъ m[1][2][4]

  1. a Roman, a speaker of a Romance language


Derived terms[edit]



  1. 1.0 1.1 Pronk-Tiethoff, Saskia E. (2013) The Germanic loanwords in Proto-Slavic[1] (in English), Amsterdam - New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 99
  2. 2.0 2.1 Melnychuk, O. S., editor (1982), “воло́х”, in Етимологічний словник української мови [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume 1 (А – Г), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, page 422
  3. 3.0 3.1 Skok, Petar (1971–1974), “Vläh”, in Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), Zagreb: JAZU, page 606
  4. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “volxъ volxa”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “accent paradigm a

Further reading[edit]