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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From a reflex of Proto-Germanic *walhaz. Elmar Seebold (2015) suggests a Gothic intermediary. Saskia Pronk-Tiethoff also claims an intermediary without explicitly mentioning Gothic. She states that the exact donor language cannot be determined, but notes that the borrowing must have happened in a situation where Germanic, Slavic and Latin/Romance speakers interacted, citing the possibility of a borrowing at the lower Danube region during the fourth to fifth centuries.


*vòlxъ m

  1. a Roman, a speaker of a Romance language


Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Pronk-Tiethoff, Saskia E., The Germanic loanwords in Proto-Slavic[1] (in English), Amsterdam - New York: Rodopi, 2013, →ISBN, page 99
  • Vasmer, Max, “воло́х”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language]‎[2] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress, 1964–1973
  • Verweij, Arno, “Quantity Patterns of Substantives in Czech and Slovak”, in Dutch Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists, Bratislava (Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics), volume 22, Editions Rodopi B.V., 1994, page 525, 530