Wiktionary:Bengali transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Bengali entries.

Consonants[edit]

1 2 3 4 5
letter
translit. k kh g gh
IPA [k] [kʰ] [ɡ] [ɡʱ] [ŋ]
letter
translit. c ch j jh ◌̃
IPA [t͡ʃ], [t͡s] [t͡ʃʰ], [s] [d͡ʒ], [d͡z] [d͡ʒʱ], [d͡z] [◌̃]
letter
translit. ṭh ḍh n
IPA [ʈ̟] [ʈ̟ʰ] [ɖ̟] [ɖ̟ʱ] [n]
letter
translit. t th d dh n
IPA [t̪] [t̪ʰ] [d̪] [d̪ʱ] [n]
letter
translit. p ph b bh m
IPA [p] [pʰ~ɸ~f] [b] [bʱ~β~v] [m]
letter
translit. j r l ś ś
IPA [d͡ʒ], [d͡z] [r] (word-initially), [ɾ] (medially and finally) [l] [s̠] [s̠]
letter য় ড় ঢ়
translit. ś h ẏ/- ṛh
IPA [s̠] [ɦ] [e̯], [∅] [ɽ̟] [ɽ̟]

Vowels[edit]

1 2 3 4 5
letter
diacritic inherent ি
translit. ô i u e o
IPA [ɔ], [ɔ̝~o] [i] [u] [e~æ], [ɛ] [o]
letter
diacritic
translit. a i u oi ou
IPA [ä~ɑ], [a] (allophonically or dialectically) [i] [u] [oi̯] [ou̯]

Others[edit]

1 2 3 4 5
letter
diacritic
translit. t ◌̃ ri
IPA [t̪] [ŋ] [h] [◌̃] [ri]

Ligatures[edit]

Ligatures are transliterated as they are pronounced. While the pronunciation of some ligatures is evident by their components, others are pronounced quite differently than the spelling would suggest. For instance:

  • + = শ্ল (śl)
  • + = জ্ঞ (g) (word-initially) or (gg) (in other positions)
  • + = স্ব (ś) (word-initially) or (śś) (in other positions)
  • + = ক্ষ (kh) (word-initially) or (kkh) (in other positions)
  • + = ধ্য (dh) (word-initially) or (ddh) (in other positions)

See also[edit]