Wiktionary:Lao transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Lao entries. This transliteration is based on LC (Library of Congress) method, also used by the Lao Wiktionary.

Consonants[edit]

Letter Initial position Final position Tone Class
(ka) k k middle
(kha) kh k high
(kha) kh k low
(nga) ng ng low
(cha) ch t middle
(sa) s t high
(sa) s t low
(nya) ny ny low
(da) d t middle
(ta) t t middle
(tha) th t high
(tha) th t low
(na) n n low
(ba) b p middle
(pa) p p middle
(pha) ph p high
(fa) f p high
(pha) ph p low
(fa) f p low
(ma) m m low
(ya) y y middle
(ra) r n low
(la) l n low
(wa) w w low
(ha) h high
(’a) ' middle
(ha) h low

Consonantal digraphs and ligatures[edit]

Consonantal digraphs and ligatures are all high tone class.

Letter Transliteration
ຫງ (nga) ng
ຫຍ (nya) gn
(na) or ຫນ (na) n
(ma) or ຫມ (ma) m
ຫຼ (la) or ຫຣ (ra) r
ຫຼ (la) or ຫລ (la) l
ຫວ (wa) w

Short vowels[edit]

Letter Transliteration
-ະ, -ັ a
-ິ i
-ຶ ư
-ຸ u
ເ-ະ, ເ-ັ e
ແ-ະ, ແ-ັ æ
ໂ-ະ, -ົ o
ເ-າະ, -ັອ- ǫ
ເ-ິ œ
ເ-ັຍ, -ັຽ- ia
ເ-ຶອ ưa
-ົວະ, -ັວ- ua
ໄ-, ໃ-, -ັຍ ai
ເ-ົາ ao
-ຳ am

Long vowels[edit]

Letter Transliteration
-າ ā
-ີ ī
-ື ư̄
-ູ ū
ເ- ē
ແ- ǣ
ໂ- ō
-ໍ, -ອ- ǭ
ເ-ີ œ̄
ເ-ຍ, -ຽ- īa
ເ-ືອ ư̄a
-ົວ, -ວ- ūa
-າຍ āi

Numerals[edit]

Lao numeral Hindu-Arabic numerals
(0) 0
(1) 1
(2) 2
(3) 3
(4) 4
(5) 5
(6) 6
(7) 7
(8) 8
(9) 9

See also[edit]