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Internationalism (see English abessive), ultimately from New Latin abessīvus.


  • IPA(key): /ˈɑbesːiːʋi/, [ˈɑbe̞s̠ˌs̠iːʋi]
  • Rhymes: -iːʋi
  • Syllabification(key): a‧bes‧sii‧vi



  1. (grammar) abessive.

Usage notes[edit]

In Finnish the ending of abessive is -tta or -ttä. It is usually translated into English as "without + noun".

  • Rahatta on hankala opiskella.
    It's difficult to study without money.

The abessive case is used relatively seldom, and is often replaced with expression ilman (without) + partitive.


Inflection of abessiivi (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative abessiivi abessiivit
genitive abessiivin abessiivien
partitive abessiivia abessiiveja
illative abessiiviin abessiiveihin
singular plural
nominative abessiivi abessiivit
accusative nom. abessiivi abessiivit
gen. abessiivin
genitive abessiivin abessiivien
partitive abessiivia abessiiveja
inessive abessiivissa abessiiveissa
elative abessiivista abessiiveista
illative abessiiviin abessiiveihin
adessive abessiivilla abessiiveilla
ablative abessiivilta abessiiveilta
allative abessiiville abessiiveille
essive abessiivina abessiiveina
translative abessiiviksi abessiiveiksi
instructive abessiivein
abessive abessiivitta abessiiveitta
comitative abessiiveineen
Possessive forms of abessiivi (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person abessiivini abessiivimme
2nd person abessiivisi abessiivinne
3rd person abessiivinsa