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Latin accubatio, accubitio, from accubāre (to recline), from ad- + cubāre (to lie down).



accubation (uncountable)

  1. The act or posture of reclining on a couch, as practiced by the ancients at meals.
    • 1902, Journal of Biblical literature[1], volume 21-22, page 64:
      Accubation was introduced in Rome after the first Punic War (264-241 BC). In Greece accubation was unknown at the time of the Homeric poems (cf. Od. i. 145 ἑξείης ἕζοντο κατὰ κλισμούς τε θρόνους τε, XV. 134 ἑζέσθην δ᾽ ἄρ᾽ ἔπειτα κατὰ κλισμούς τε θρόνους τε), but afterwards the Greeks and Romans adopted this Oriental fashion and lay very nearly flat on their breasts while taking their meals, or in a semi-sitting posture supported on the left elbow.
    • 1650, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica: [], 2nd edition, London: [] A. Miller, for Edw[ard] Dod and Nath[aniel] Ekins, [], OCLC 152706203:
      Accubation, or lying down at meals, was a gesture used by very many Nations.

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