acrography

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

acro- +‎ -graphy

Noun[edit]

acrography (uncountable)

  1. A method of relief etching on wood, metal, or stone by means of a coating of compressed chalk, invented by Louis Schonberg in 1841.
    • 1841, The New World - Volume 2, page 172:
      Meanwhile, we may observe that the most extraordinary example of acrography is a medallion of Addinos, engraved in a similar style to that of Collas's priest, and not distinguishable from its productions except by the liars being imperfect.
    • 1969, Journal of the Printing Historical Society - Issues 5-6, page 62:
      In wood engraving every line is forced along its direction, and the very awkwardness of the operation ultimately gives an authority to the printed line. In acrography this was not so.
    • 1970, John D. Morse, Prints in and of America to 1850, →ISBN, page 193:
      Thirty years later some prints made by a new process, "acrography, " were greeted by an editor with the remark, "Only one of half a hundred experiments which have been submitted to us in tangible form."
    • 1987, Allen Ahearn, Book Collecting: The Book of First Books, →ISBN, page 67:
      How, then, do bibliographers and historians find out about the technologies of exotic illustrative processes like acrography, butterfly-wing printing, gypsography, selenotype and the "Via sicca" process?
  2. An organizing principle for written lists, based on initial glyphs.
    • 1981, Giovanni Pettinato, The archives of Ebla: an empire inscribed in clay, page 46:
      A characteristic of the Ebla scientific lists, to which Chapter VIII will be dedicated, is the redaction according to the principle of acrography, which orders the entries on the basis of the initial formative elements, a principle adopted many centuries later in Mesopotamia.
    • 1986, Miguel Civil, ‎Oliver Robert Gurney, ‎& Douglas A. Kennedy, The Sag-tablet, Lexical Texts in the Ashmolean Museum, Middle Babylonian Grammatical Texts, Miscellaneous Texts, →ISBN, page 5:
      The sign lists from Fara (WVDOG 43 7 and 69) show an structure unrelated both to VE and to the OB lists, their acrography is less strict.
    • 2013, Berry Heselwood, Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice, →ISBN, page 128:
      The four tones of Mandarin Chinese are often referred to conveniently in discourse by the numbers 1 to 4, and capital letters have been recruited to denote tones by acrography (H for high, M for mid, L for low, etc.), for example in ToBI notation (Tone and Break Indices; see Beckman and Ayers 1994), X-SAMPA notation (Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet; see Wells 1995b; and see Section 3.4.10 below) and INTSINT notation (International Transcription System for Intonation; see Hirst 2004).
    • 2013, Michaela Bauks, ‎Wayne Horowitz, ‎& Armin Lange, Between Text and Text, →ISBN, page 55:
      The list is organized around logograms, applying acrography, telography, and varying positions of a glyph (often also including “related” glyphs);
  3. Decorative plaster work of various styles used in middle eastern architecture.
    • 2011 November, N Haeri, A Sefat, & SM Shojaei, “Iranian Architecture, Is the Reflection of Mysterious Patterns & Meaning”, in International Journal of Academic Research, volume 3, number 6:
      One of the architectural arts is acrography or plaster work which has had its own form and style in each historical period.
    • 2014, H Fathi & EZ Farsani, “Comparative Study of Elements and Properties in Orsies of Zand and Qajar Periods”, in Trends in Life Sciences, volume 2, number 3, page 307:
      Of course we observe the geometrical classifications from the earlier periods in some arts such as book decoration and acrography and brickworks but its prevalence in wooden making loop at Safavid period in building gigantic gates and Orosis (wooden muntin) of 3 doors and follogins 5 doors will explain to us the instrument improvement.