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Stryphnodendron adstringens.jpg


Via Portuguese [Term?], from Tupian.


barbatimao (plural barbatimaos)

  1. A South American mimosa tree, Stryphnodendron adstringens (formerly Stryphnodendron barbatimao), which has an astringent, tannin-rich bark.
    • 1908, Tanning Properties of Barbatimao Bark, in Harness, page 4:
      One of the trees that are coming into notice is the barbatimao. The union's attention was directed toward it through a German tanner who had gone to Brazil, and the union has experimented with barbatimao bark at various tanneries, as well as ...
    • 1916, Consul General Alfred L. Moreau Gottschalk, Brazilian Tanning and Dyeing Materials, in The Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association, page 315:
      These referred largely to the bark of the barbatimao. The most abundant source of tannin in the country is the mangrove. [...] Next in importance come angico, [...] and the barbatimao tree.
    • 1916, 1916 April 18, [US Department of] Commerce Reports, number 91, page 240:
      [...] additional samples of the "Barbatimao" bark (Stryphnodendron Barbatimao, Mart.) have been received from an American consular officer in Brazil, and may be examined at the Bureau or its district offices. (Refer to file No. 74607.)
    • 1919, The Leather World, page 1035:
      BARBATIMAO BARK. An article in La Bourse aux Cuirs de Bruxelles mentions the use of barbatimao bark in Brazil. Barbatimao bark is obtained from the tree Stryphnodcndron Barbatimao, and constitutes one of the richest tanning materials ...
    • 1976, Brazil: Resources and Possibilities:
      A considerable number of wild plants rich in tannin grow in various regions of Brazil. They fall into three main botanical groups: the barbatimao trees, with a tannin ...
    • 1998, Genetics and molecular biology:
      Evaluation of mutagenic and/or recombinogenic activity of extracts of barbatimao (Stryphnodendron adstringens, Mart.) in germ and somatic cells of Drosophila melanogaster [...]